mexico some the wikipedia


From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Jump to: navigation, search

“Mexican” redirects here. For other uses, see Mexican (disambiguation).
This article is about the country in North America. For other uses, see Mexico (disambiguation).
This article is semi-protected due to vandalism.
United Mexican States

Estados Unidos Mexicanos
Flag Coat of arms
Anthem: Himno Nacional Mexicano
Mexican National Anthem
National seal:
Seal of the United Mexican States Seal of the Government of Mexico.svg
(and largest city)
Mexico City
19°03′N 99°22′W / 19.05°N 99.367°W / 19.05; -99.367
Official languages None at federal level.
Spanish (de facto)
National language Spanish, and 62 Indigenous Amerindian languages[1]
Demonym Mexican
Government Federal presidential republic
- President Felipe Calderón
Legislature Congress
- Upper House Senate
- Lower House Chamber of Deputies
Independence from Spain
- Declared September 15, 1810
- Recognized September 27, 1821
- Total 1,972,550 km2 (15th)
761,606 sq mi
- Water (%) 2.5
- mid-2008 estimate 111,211,789 (July 2009)[2] (11th)
- 2005 census 103,263,388
- Density 55/km2 (142nd)
142/sq mi
GDP (PPP) 2008 estimate
- Total $1.563 trillion[3] (11th)
- Per capita $14,534[4] (55th)
GDP (nominal) 2008 estimate
- Total $1.143 trillion[5] (13th)
- Per capita 56th $10,211[6] (56th)
Gini (2008) 46.1[7] (high)
HDI (2007) 0.854[8] (high) (53rd)
Currency Peso (MXN)
Time zone Official Mexican Timezones (UTC-8 to -6)
- Summer (DST) varies (UTC-7 to -5)
Drives on the right
Internet TLD .mx
Calling code +52

The United Mexican States[9] (Spanish: About this sound Estados Unidos Mexicanos (help·info)), commonly known as Mexico (English: /ˈmɛksɪkoʊ/) (Spanish: About this sound México (help·info) [ˈmexiko]), is a federal constitutional republic in North America. It is bordered on the north by the United States; on the south and west by the Pacific Ocean; on the southeast by Guatemala, Belize, and the Caribbean Sea; and on the east by the Gulf of Mexico.[10][11] Covering almost 2 million square kilometres,[12] Mexico is the fifth-largest country in the Americas by total area and the 14th largest independent nation in the world. With an estimated population of 111 million,[13] it is the 11th most populous country. Mexico is a federation comprising thirty-one states and a Federal District, the capital city.

In Pre-Columbian Mesoamerica many cultures matured into advanced civilizations such as the Olmec, the Toltec, the Teotihuacan, the Maya and the Aztec before the first contact with Europeans. In 1521, Spain conquered and colonized the territory, which was administered as the viceroyalty of New Spain which would eventually become Mexico as the colony gained independence in 1821. The post-independence period was characterized by economic instability, territorial secession and civil war, including foreign intervention, two empires and two long domestic dictatorships. The latter led to the Mexican Revolution in 1910, which culminated with the promulgation of the 1917 Constitution and the emergence of the country’s current political system. Elections held in July 2000 marked the first time that an opposition party won the presidency from the Institutional Revolutionary Party (Spanish: Partido Revolucionario Institucional, PRI).

As a regional power[14][15] and the only Latin American member of the Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD) since 1994, Mexico is firmly established as an upper middle-income country,[16] considered as a newly industrialized country[17][18][19][20] and has the 13th largest nominal GDP, the 11th largest by purchasing power parity, and also the largest GDP per capita in Latin America according to the International Monetary Fund.[21] The economy is strongly linked to those of its North American Free Trade Agreement (NAFTA) partners[22][23] Uneven income distribution and the increase in drug-related violence are issues of concern in Mexico.[24]

Leave a Reply




You can use these HTML tags

<a href="" title=""> <abbr title=""> <acronym title=""> <b> <blockquote cite=""> <cite> <code> <del datetime=""> <em> <i> <q cite=""> <strike> <strong>